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Curriculum Vitae Angus Maddison


1926 Born Newcastle-on-Tyne.
1938-44 Darlington Grammar School.
1945-48 Selwyn College Cambridge. Exhibition in History, History Tripos, Pt. I, 1946, Economics Tripos, Pt. II, 1948.
1948-49 Pilot Officer R.A.F.
1949-50 Bronfman Fellow in Economics, McGill University, Canada.
1950-51 University Fellow, Johns Hopkins University, USA.
1951-52 Lecturer in Economic History, St. Andrews University, Scotland
1953-58 Economist, Economics Division, Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, Paris.
1958-62 Head of the Economics Division, O.E.E.C., Paris.
1963 Assistant Director, Development Department, O.E.C.D., Paris.
1964-66 Fellow, O.E.C.D. Development Centre, Paris.
1966-69 Director, Research Project on Economic Growth and Policy in Developing Countries, Twentieth Century Fund.
1969-71 Harvard University Centre for International Affairs. July 1969 - April 1970 adviser on social policy to Pakistan Planning Commission. April 1970 - December 1970 at Harvard as Research Fellow, January - July 1971 adviser to Prime Minister's Planning Office, Ghana.
1971-72 Consultant, Directorate for Scientific Affairs, O.E.C.D., Paris.
1973-74 Head, Group for Economic Analysis and Resource Allocation, Directorate for Scientific Affairs, O.E.C.D., Paris.
1975-78 Head, Central Analysis Division, Directorate for Social Affairs, Manpower and Education, O.E.C.D., Paris.
1978-96 Professor, Economics Department, University of Groningen, Netherlands.
Degrees: B.A., M.A. (Cantab.), docteur d'tat (français), doctor, honoris causa, Hitotsubashi University, Japan
Languages: French and German fluent. Reading knowledge of Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian.


  • ICOP Project (International Comparisons of Output and Productivity), University of Groningen, l983 to date
  • Club des Chiffrephiles (for Quantitative Economic Historians), l990 to date

Short Consulting Assignments

  • ECAFE, ECE, ECLAC, EU, FAO, GATT, Interamerican Development Bank, OECD, OEEC, UNESCO, UN Headquarters, UNIDO and World Bank. Governments of Brazil, Ghana, Greece, Mexico and Pakistan

Editorial Boards

  • Review of Income and Wealth (1990-97)
  • Explorations in Economic History (1989-94)

Advisory Boards

  • Fernand Braudel Institute of World Economics, Sao Paulo
  • Center for Economic Development, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
  • Economic Research Institute Laureano Figuerola, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid


May 1986 Medal of the University of Helsinki
May 1989 Foreign Honorary Member, American Economic Association
April 1992 Festschrift Conference, University of Groningen, published in Explaining Economic Growth: Essays in Honour of Angus Maddison, eds. A. Szirmai, B. van Ark and D. Pilat, North Holland, Amsterdam, l993.
September 1992 Foreign Member (Academician) Russian Academy of Science in Economics and Business
July 1994 Corresponding Fellow, The British Academy
April 1996 Foreign Honorary Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
November 1998 Kuznets Memorial Lecturer, Yale University
July 1999 Honorary Fellow, Selwyn College, Cambridge
September 2000 Honorary Fellow, European Association for Comparative Economic Systems (EACES)
April-May 2001 Henry Wendt Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC
November 2001 Abramovitz Lecturer, Stanford University
August 2003 Colin Clark Lecturer, University of Queensland
August 2004 Ruggles Lecture, IARIW, Cork
November 2004 Figuerola Lecture, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid
November 2005 Arndt lecture, Australian National University, Canberra
October, 2006 Royal decoration as Commander, in the Netherlands Order of Orange Nassau
October, 2006 Festschrift conference in honour of my 80th birthday, University of Groningen
December, 2006 Festschrift conference in honour of my 80th birthday, University of Queensland, Brisbane
October, 2007 Honorary degree, Doctor, honoris causa, Hitotsubashi University, Japan

Visiting Lecturer or Professor

Jan-March 1968 University of California, Berkeley
Jan-March 1969 Sir George Williams University, Montreal
May-June 1975 Nuffield College, Oxford
January 1981 Université d'Aix-Marseille III
Sept-Dec 1981 Université de Paris Dauphine
Nov-Dec l982 Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (also 1983, 1989, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997 , 1998, 1999, 2003)
May-June 1988 St. Antony's College, Oxford
March 1989 International Development Center of Japan
Sept-Dec 1990 Universita Ca Foscari, Venice
Feb-March 1993 University of Turin
April 1993 New York University
1996-99 School of Oriental and African Studies, London University
April-May 1997 Postgraduate School of Economics and International Relations (ASERI), Milan
April-May 1998 St. Antony's College, Oxford
May-June 1998 Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University, Japan
December 1998 Keio University at Shonan Fujisawa

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Author or Main Author:

1964, Economic Growth in the West, Allen and Unwin, London, Twentieth Century Fund, and Norton, New York (also in Japanese, Russian and Spanish). Reprinted, 2006 by Routledge.

1965, Foreign Skills and Technical Assistance in Economic Development, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French).

1966, Foreign Skills and Technical Assistance in Greek Development,with A. D. Stavrianopoulos and B. Higgins, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French).

1969, Economic Growth in Japan and the U.S.S.R., Allen and Unwin, London, Norton, New York (also in Dutch, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish and Swedish). Reprinted, 2006 by Routledge.

1970, Economic Progress and Policy in Developing Countries, Allen and Unwin, London, Norton, New York (also in Spanish). Reprinted, 2006 by Routledge.

1971, Class Structure and Economic Growth: India and Pakistan Since the Moghuls, Allen and Unwin, London, Norton, New York (also in Spanish). Reprinted, 2006 by Routledge.

1982, Phases of Capitalist Development, Oxford University Press  (also in French, Dutch, Italian, Japanese and Spanish).

1985, Two Crises: Latin America and Asia 1929-38 and 1973-83, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French and Spanish).

l988, Comparisons of Real Output in Manufacturing, with B. van Ark, World Bank.

l989, The World Economy in the Twentieth Century, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French, Japanese and Spanish).

1991, Dynamic Forces in Capitalist Development, Oxford University Press (also in Spanish and Italian).

l992, The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity, and Growth: Brazil and Mexico, with A. Villela, V. Urquidi, and others, Oxford University Press, New York.

1995a, Explaining the Economic Performance of Nations: Essays in Time and Space, Elgar, London (also in Spanish).

l995b, Monitoring the World Economy, l820-l992, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in Chinese, Japanese, French and Spanish).

1998, Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French, Italian and Chinese).

2001, The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuegese and Spanish).

2003, The World Economy: Historical Statistics, OECD, Paris (also in French).

2004, Growth and Interaction in the World Economy: The Roots of Modernity, American Enterprise Institute, Washington DC (also in Spanish).

2007, Contours of the World Economy, 1-2030 AD; Essays in Macroeconomic History, Oxford University Press, september (also in Italian).

2007, Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 960-2030 second edition revised and updated, OECD Development Centre, Paris (also in French and Chinese).

20 in total

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l96l, Europe's Needs and Resources, with J.F. Dewhurst, J.O. Coppock and P. Lamartine Yates, Twentieth Century Fund, New York.

1963, Problems of Long-Term Economic Projections, U.N. Commission for Asia and the Far East, Bangkok,  Report of an Expert Group, with R.W. Goldsmith, K.S. Krishnaswamy, Mahbub ul Haq, and T. Watanabe.

1968, Technical Assistance and the Needs of Developing Countries, with W.A. Lewis and H. Singer, Report of an Expert Group, OECD, Paris.

3 in total

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1971, Myrdal's Asian Drama: An Interdisciplinary Critique, CIRIEC,Brussels.

1982, Unemployment: The European Perspective, Croom Helm, London,  with B. Wilpstra.

1983, Unemployment: The Dutch Perspective, Ministry of Social Affairs , The Hague,  with B. Wilpstra.

1986, Latin America, the Caribbean and the OECD: A Dialogue on Economic Reality and Policy Options , OECD Development Centre, Paris.

l989, Economic Growth in Indonesia 1820-1940 , Foris, Dordrecht and New York, with G. Prince.

1994, Economic Growth and Structural Change: Comparative Approaches over the Long Run , with Herman van der Wee, International Economic History Association, Milan.

2002, The Asian Economies in the Twentieth Century, with D.S. Prasada Rao and William F. Shepherd, Edward Elgar, Aldershot.

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Editor and Co-author (Official Publications):

1957, Europe Today and in 1960, OEEC, Paris.

1958, A Decade of Cooperation 1948-1958 , OEEC, Paris.

1959, Policies for Sound Economic Growth , OEEC, Paris.

1960, Europe and The World Economy , OEEC, Paris.

1961, The Flow of Financial Resources to Countries in Course of Economic Development 1956-1959 , OEEC, Paris.

1974, The Educational Situation in OECD Countries , OECD, Paris.

1974, Educational Statistics Yearbook , OECD, Paris.

1975, Education, Inequality and Life Chances , OECD, Paris.

1979, Demographic Trends 1950-1990, OECD, Paris.

16 in total

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Articles and Contributed Papers

"Productivity in an Expanding Economy", Economic Journal, September 1952, pp. 584-94.
"Productivity in Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States", Oxford Economic Papers, October 1952, pp. 235-42.

"Productivity in Canadian Manufacturing, 1935-1948", The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, May 1953, pp. 222-6.

"East-West Trade", Bulletin of the Oxford University Institute of Statistics, February-March 1954, pp. 8l-93.
"Industrial Productivity Growth in Europe and the United States", Economica, November 1954, pp. 308-l9.

"Output, Employment and Productivity in British Manufacturing in the Last Half Century", Bulletin of the Oxford University Institute of Statistics, November 1955, pp. 363-86.
"Economic Growth in Two Dominions", Economic Journal, December 1955, 7l4-8.

"The Economic Position and Prospects of Western Europe", OEEC at Work for Europe, OEEC, Paris, 1956,  pp. 17-25.

"Productivity in Two Dominions: A Reply to a Rejoinder", Economic Journal, June 1957, pp. 334-5.
"Economic Growth in Western Europe", OEEC at Work for Europe, OEEC, Paris, 1957, pp. 17-30.

"Economic Growth in Western Europe, 1870-1957", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, March 1959, pp. 58-l02.

"The Post-War Business Cycle in Western Europe and the Role of Government Policy", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, June 1960,  pp. l00-48.
"Economic Growth and Stability: The Role of the OEEC", OEEC at Work for Europe, OEEC, Paris, 1960, pp. 17-25.

"Growth and Fluctuation in the World Economy 1870-1960", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, June 1962, pp. 3-7l.

"Growth Problems in Underdeveloped Countries", in Planning Education for Economic and Social Development, OECD, Paris, 1963, pp. l7-25.
"Facts and Observations on Labour Productivity in Western Europe, North America and Japan", Productivity Measurement Review, Paris, May 1963, pp. l-8.

"Comparative Levels and Movement of Labour Productivity in Western Europe" in J.T. Dunlop and V.P. Diatchenko, eds., Labor Productivity, McGraw Hill, New York, 1964, pp. l26-39.
"Coordination of Foreign Aid Through OECD", in T. Geiger and L. Solomon, eds., Motivations and Methods in Development and Foreign Aid, Society for Inter-national Development, Washington D.C., 1964, pp. 28-3l.

"Facts and Observations on Labour Productivity in Western Europe, North America and Japan", in E.A.G. Robinson, ed., Problems in Economic Development, Macmillan, 1965, pp. 23l-40.
"Soviet Economic Performance", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, March 1965, pp. 3-57.

"How Fast can Britain Grow?", Lloyds Bank Review, January 1966, pp. l-l4.
"The Balance of Payments of Developing Countries", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, June 1966, pp. l47-68.

"The Supply of Skills to the Industrial Sector in Developing Countries", Paper for the International Symposium on Development, UNIDO, December 1967.
"Competitive Coexistence in Growth Rates", in E. Benoit, ed., Disarmament and World Economic Interdependence, Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 1967, pp. l83-9.
"Comparative Levels of Productivity in the Developed Countries", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, December 1967, pp. 3-23.

"Comparative Productivity Levels in the Developed Countries" in Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers' Associations, Selected Written Evidence Submitted to the Royal Commission, HMSO, London, 1968, pp. 636-52.

"Comment" on Erik Lundberg on Postwar Stabilization Policies, in M. Bronfenbrenner, ed., Is the Business Cycle Obsolete?, Wiley, New York, 1969, pp. 499-501.

"Historical Origins of Indian Poverty", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, March 1970, pp. 3l-81.
"Japan's Explosive Growth Explained", Keizai Kenkyu, Hitotsubashi University, May 1970, pp. ll6-21.
"Issues in the Planning of Trade and Aid", in Policies of Plan Implementation (with special reference to Latin America), U.N., New York, 1970, pp. l87-200.

"North Atlantic Trade and Payments", in C.P. Kindleberger and A. Shonfield, eds., North American and West European Economic Policies, Macmillan, London, 1971, pp. l63-79.

"Social Development of Pakistan 1947-1970", Economic Development Report, Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, 1971, pp. 1-51.

"Explaining Economic Growth", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, September 1972, pp. 2ll-62.

"What is Education For?", Lloyds Bank Review, April 1974, pp. l9-30.

"Comment on IEA Studies", in A.C. Purves and D.U. Levine, eds., Educational Policy and International Assessment, McCutchan, California, 1975, pp. l68-75.

"Economic Policy and Performance in Europe 1913-1970", in: C.M. Cipolla, ed., Fontana Economic History of Europe, vol. 5:2, Collins, London, 1976, pp. 442-508.

"Phases of Capitalist Development", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, September 1977, pp. l03-37.
"Productivity Trends in Continental Western Europe, l950-l990" in The Future of Productivity, National Center for Productivity and the Quality of Working Life, Washington D.C., 1977, pp. 99-ll0.

"Comment" on Impact of Unemployment Benefit on Unemployment, in H.G. Grubel and M.A. Walker, eds., Unemployment Insurance, Fraser Institute, Vancouver, 1978, pp. 234-5.
"Comment" on Education as Instrument of Distribution Policy", in M. Pfaff, ed., Problembereiche der Verteilungs- und Sozialpolitik, Duncker and Humblot, Berlin, 1978, pp. 259-6l.

"Per Capita Output in the Long Run", Kyklos, March 1979, pp. 4l2-29.
"Long Run Dynamics of Productivity Growth", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, March 1979, pp. 3-43.
"The Long Run Dynamics of Productivity Growth", in W. Beckerman, ed., Slow Growth in Britain: Causes and Consequences, Oxford University Press, 1979, pp. l94-2l2.

"Phases of Capitalist Development", in R.C.O. Matthews, ed., Economic Growth and Resources, Vol. 2, Macmillan, London, 1980, pp. 3-35.
"Economic Growth and Structural Change in the Advanced Countries", in I. Leveson and J.W. Wheeler, eds., Western Economies in Transition, Croom Helm, London, 1980, pp. 4l-60.
"Monitoring the Labour Market", Review of Income and Wealth, June 1980, pp. l75-2l7.
"International Productivity Comparisons: National Differentials", in J.D. Hogan and A.M. Craig, eds., Dimensions of Productivity Research, American Productivity Center, Houston, 1980, pp. 607-37.
"Measuring Labour Slack", Department of Employment Gazette, July 1980, pp. 727-33.
"Western Economic Performance in the 1970s: A Perspective and Assessment", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, September 1980, pp. 247-89.

"Comment" on B. Gahlen on Post-Keynesian and Neoclassical Models, in H. Giersch, ed., Towards an Explanation of Economic Growth, Mohr, Tubingen, 1981, pp. 2l-5.

"Monitoring the Labour Market: A Proposal for A Comprehensive Approach to Official Statistics", in Eurostat News, Special Number 1982, Luxembourg, 1982, pp. l9-2l.
"Capitalist Economic Performance Since l820", in L. Jrberg and N. Rosenberg, eds., Technical Change, Employment, and Investment, Department of Economic History, Lund, 1982, pp. l49-57.
"Capitalist Economic Performance since l820" in"A" Themes, Eighth International Economic History Congress, Budapest, 1982, pp. l69-78.

"Measuring Labour Slack", in B.A. Weisbrod and H. Hughes, eds., Human Resources Employment and Development, Macmillan, London, 1983, pp. 97-ll2.
"Measuring Long Term Growth and Productivity Change on a Macroeconomic Level", in R. Fremdling and P. O'Brien, eds., Productivity in the Economies of Europe, Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart, 1983, pp. l0l-23.
"A Comparison of Levels of GDP Per Capita in Developed and Developing Countries 1700-1980", Journal of Economic History, March 1983, pp. 27-4l.
"Why Do Unemployment Rates Differ?", Shell Lecture, University of Buckingham, October 1983, pp. l-4l.
"Leading Countries in Capitalist Development: The Secrets of Success", Beihefte der Konjunkturpolitik, Heft 29, l983, pp. ll-30.
"Economic Stagnation Since 1973, Its Nature and Causes: A Six Country Survey", De Economist, December 1983, pp. 585-608.

"Origins and Impact of the Welfare State, 1883-1983", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, March 1984, pp. 55-87.
"An International Comparison of Levels of Real Output and Productivity in Agriculture in 1975", Research Memorandum 162, Faculty of Economics, University of Groningen (with H. van Ooststroom), April 1984.
"Comparative Analysis of the Productivity Situation in the Advanced Capitalist Countries", in J.W. Kendrick, ed., International Comparisons of Productivity and Causes of the Slowdown, American Enterprise Institute, Ballinger, Boston, 1984, pp. 59-92.

"Alternative Estimates of the Real Product of India 1900-46", Indian Economic and Social History Review, April-June 1985.
"Opties voor een Europese economische politiek", Tijdschrift voor politieke economie, December 1985.

"Recent Revisions to British and Dutch Growth: l700-l870", in Economic Growth in Northwestern Europe: The Last 400 Years, Research Memorandum 2l4, Faculty of Economics, University of Groningen, l986, pp. l9-30.
"Developing Countries in the l930s: Possible Lessons for the l980s", in D. Lal and M. Wolf (eds.), Stagflation, Savings and the State, Oxford University Press, London, 1986, pp. l5-47.
"Marx and Bismarck: Capitalism and Government l883-l983" in H.J. Wagener and J.W. Drukker (eds.), The Economic Law of Motion of Modern Society, Cambridge University Press, London, 1986, pp. l97-2l3.
"Economic Performance: Europe and Japan - Prospects for the Future", Daily Yomiuri, Tokyo, 20 November l986, p.6.

"Growth and Slowdown in Advanced Capitalist Countries: Techniques of Quantitative Assessment", Journal of Economic Literature, June 1987, pp. 649-98.
"Studie biedt houvast voor revisie", NRC Handelsblad, 3 October l987, p.8.

1988 "Comparison of Real Output and Purchasing Power Brazil/USA Mexico/USA", in J. Salazar-Carrillo and D.S. Prasada Rao, eds., World Comparisons of Incomes, Prices and Product, North Holland, l988, pp. l53-77, with B. van Ark.
"Ultimate and Proximate Growth Causality: A Critique of Mancur Olson on the Rise and Decline of Nations", Scandinavian Economic History Review, No. 2, l988, pp. 25-9.

"International Comparison of Purchasing Power, Real Output and Labour Productivity: A Case Study of Brazilian, Mexican and US Manufacturing, 1975", Review of Income and Wealth, March 1989, pp. 3l-55, (with Bart van Ark).
"The Slowdown in the World Economy since 1973 and its Impact on Developing Countries", Forum, International Development Center of Japan, Tokyo, 1989:3, pp. l7-28.
"Dutch Income In and From Indonesia l700-l938", Modern Asian Studies, l989, pp. 645-70.
"World Economic Performance Since l870" in C.-L. Holtfrerich, ed., Interaction in the World Economy, Harvester-Wheatsheaf, New York, l989, pp. 223-38.
"Economic Growth in the Twentieth Century", Proceedings of Second World Conference of Cliometricians, Santander, 1989, pp. 27l-8.

"A Comparative View of Mexico's Adjustment and Growth Problems", in D.S. Brothers and A.E. Wick, eds., Mexico's Search for a New Development Strategy, Westview, Boulder, Colorado, 1990, pp. 27-37.
"The Colonial Burden: A Comparative Perspective", in M. Scott and D. Lal, eds., Public Policy and Economic Development, Oxford University Press, l990, pp. 36l-75.
"Dutch Colonialism in Indonesia: A Comparative Perspective", in A. Booth, W.J. O'Malley and A. Weideman, eds., Indonesian Economic History in the Dutch Colonial Era, Yale, 1990, pp. 322-35.
"Measuring European Growth: The Core and the Periphery", in E. Aerts and N. Valerio, eds., Growth and Stagnation in the Mediterranean World, Proceedings of the Tenth International Economic History Congress, Leuven University Press, 1990, pp. 82-ll8.
"Comment" on I. Kirzner, in K. Groenveld, J.A.H. Maks, and J. Muysken, eds., The Welfare State and the Market Process, North Holland, l990, pp. 40-3.
"The ICOP Project: A Progress Report", in: J. Salazar Carrillo and D.S. Prasada Rao, eds., Comparison of Prices and Real Products in Latin America, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990, pp. 263-73.

"Postwar Growth and Slowdown: A Global View", in: B. Gahlen, ed., Wachstumstheorie und Wachstumspolitik: ein neuer Anlauf, Mohr, Tu¬(c)J;bingen, 1991, pp. 23-4l.
"A Revised Estimate of Italian Economic Growth l86l-l989", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, June l99l, pp. 225-4l.
"Comment" on "External Financial Requirements for Latin America", in L. Emmerij and E. Iglesias, eds., Restoring Financial Flows to Latin America, OECD, Paris, l99l, pp. l65-7.
"Foreign Investment in Eastern Europe and the USSR", Rapporteur's Report on Meeting of Trade Union and Management Experts, OECD, l99l, llp.
"Problems of Measurement of Non-Residential Reproducible Tangible Fixed Capital Stock", in P.O Aven, ed., Economies in Transition: Statistical Measures Now and in the Future, IIASA, Vienna, l99l, pp. 9l-9.
"World Economic Growth: The Lessons of Long-Run Experience", Background Report for World Bank, World Development Report l99l.
"Economic and Social Conditions in Latin America, l9l3-l950", in Miguel Urrutia, ed., Long Term Trends in Latin American Economic Development, Interamerican Development Bank, Washington DC, l99l, pp. l-22.
"A Long Run Perspective on Saving", Scandinavian Journal of Economics, vol. 94(2), June l992, pp. l8l-96, also appeared in E. Koskela and J. Paunio, Savings Behavior, Blackwell, Oxford, l992, pp. 27-42. Statistical Appendix in Research Memo 443, Institute of Economic Research, Groningen, October l99l.

"The Empirical Approach of A New Growth Theorist: A Comment on J. Bradford De Long's Paper", in H. Siebert, ed., Economic Growth in the World Economy, Mohr, Tbingen, l993.
"Standardised Estimates of Fixed Capital Stock: A Six Country Comparison", Innovazione e Materie Prime, Milan, April, l993. Revised version, with same title in Research Memorandum GD9, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, April l994. For definitive version, see 1995 below.
"The International Comparison of Performance in Distribution: Value Added, Labour Productivity and Purchasing Power Parities in Mexican and US Wholesale and Retail Trade l975/7", Research Memorandum GD2, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, July l993, pp. l-3l, (with Nanno Mulder).
"The International Comparison of Value Added, Productivity, and Purchasing Power Parities in Agriculture", Research Memorandum GDl, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, August l993 (with Harry van Ooststroom).

"Explaining the Economic Performance of Nations l820-l989", in W.J. Baumol, R.R. Nelson and E.N. Wolff, eds., Convergence of Productivity: Cross National Studies and Historical Evidence, Oxford University Press, New York, l994, pp. 20-6l.
"The International Comparison of Real Output and Productivity", Research Memorandum, GD 6, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, April l994, pp. l-33 (with B. van Ark).
"Confessions of a Chiffrephile", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, June l994, pp. l23-85.
"Measuring the Macroeconomic Performance of Eastern Europe and the USSR l870-l992", paper presented at the IARIW, August l994, St. Andrews, Canada.
"Economic Growth and Standards of Living in the Twentieth Century", Research Memorandum, GD l5, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, December l994.

"The Historical Roots of Modern Mexico l500-l940", in A. Maddison, Explaining the Economic Growth of Nations: Essays in Time and Space, Elgar, Aldershot, l995.
"Standardised Estimates of Fixed Capital Stock: A Six Country Comparison" in A. Maddison, Explaining the Economic Growth of Nations: Essays in Time and Space, Elgar, Aldershot, 1995.

"A Generalised Approach to International Comparison of Agricultural Output and Productivity", Research Memorandum GD 27, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, May l996, with D.S. Prasada Rao.
"Growth Acceleration and Slowdown: Postwar Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective", in: R.H. Myers, ed., The Wealth of Nations in the Twentieth Century, Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, 1996.
"Macroeconomic Accounts for European Countries", in B. van Ark and N.F.R. Crafts, eds., Quantitative Aspects of Postwar European Economic Growth, Cambridge University Press, l996.

"The Economic and Social Performance of Capitalist Europe: An Interpretative Commentary", in L. Emmerij, Economic and Social Development into the 2lst Century, Interamerican Development Bank, Washington, l997.
"A Comparison of Output, Purchasing Power and Productivity in Indian and Chinese Manufacturing in the mid-l980s", COPPAA Series No.5, Griffith University, Brisbane, l997, with Boon Lee.
"Causal Influences on Productivity Performance l820-l992: A Global Perspective", Journal of Productivity Analysis, November 1997, pp. 325-360.
"The Nature and Functioning of European Capitalism: A Historical and Comparative Perspective", Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, December 1997, pp 1-49.

"Chinese Economic Performance in Historical and Comparative Perspective", in M. Fouquin, ed., The Chinese Economy: Highlights and Opportunities, CEPII, Paris 1998.
"Measuring the Performance of a Communist Command Economy: An Assessment of CIA Estimates for the USSR", Review of Income and Wealth, September 1998.

"Poor until 1820",  Wall Street Journal, Millenium edition, January 11, 1999, p. 8; reprinted in Spanish in Mexico, in Este Pais, September 1999, pp. 14-17; in Dutch, in Trends Review, 4 March 1999 (Belgium); in French, in Tendences Review, 4 March 1999; in edited form in German, in Welt am Sonntag, 14 March 1999; and in Italian, in Corriera della Sera, 25 June 1999.

"Economic Progress: The Last Half Century in Historical Perspective", in Facts and Fancies of Human Development, Occasional Paper 1/2000, Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, Canberra, 2000.
"Problems in Constructing Historical National Accounts for Asia: Some Lessons of Past Research", in K. Odaka et.al., Constructing a Historical Macroeconomic Database for Trans-Asian Regions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, 2000.

"The International Comparison of Real Product and Productivity" with Bart van Ark, in Maddison, Prasada Roa and Sheperd, 2002.
"The Nature of US Economic Leadership: A Historical and Comparative View", in P.K. O'Brien and A. Clesse, Two Hegemonies: Britain 1846-1914 and the United States 1941-1989, Ashgate, London, 2002.
"Growth Accounts, Technological Change, And the Role of Energy in Western Growth", in J. Kajanoja, J. Kiander and I.B. Voipio, eds., Tutkimus ja Talouspoliiikka (Research and Economic Policy: Essays on Economic Growth), Government Institute for Economic Research, Helsinki, 2002.
"The West and the Rest in the International Economic Order", and "Origins and Early Years of the Centre: A Personal Perspective" in J. Braga de Macedo, C. Foy and C. P. Oman, Development is Back, OECD Development Centre, Paris. "The West and Rest" appeared in abbreviated form in OECD Observer, December 2002.


Comment on Charles Kindleberger, World Economic Primacy, 1500-1990 (1996), F. Crouzet and A. Clesse (eds), Leading the World Economically, Dutch University Press, Amsterdam, 2003.
"Growth Accounts, Technological Change, and the Role of Energy in Western Growth", in Economia e Energia, secc XIII-XVIII, Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica "F. Datini", Prato, Monnier, Florence.


"Quantifying and Interpreting World Development: Macromeasurement Before and After Colin Clark", Australian Economic History Review, March 2003.
"When and Why did the West get Richer than the Rest ?", in Exploring Economic Growth: Festschrift for Riitta Hjerppe, Aksant, Amsterdam.


"Growth and Interaction in the World Economy: The Roots of Modernity", Wendt Lecture, American Enterprise Institute, Washington DC.
"Measuring and Interpreting World Economic Performance 1500-2001", Review of Income and Wealth, January.

"World Development and Outlook 1820-2030; Is Implications for Energy Use", Memorandum of Evidence submitted to Select Committee on Economic Affairs, House of Lords, The Economics of Climate Change, vol. II, pp.249-256, 6 July 2005, HMSO, London.


“Do Official Statistics Exaggerate China’s GDP Growth? A Reply to Carsten Holz” Review of Income and Wealth, 52 (1), March, pp.121-126, 2006.
“China in the World Economy: 1300-2030”, International Journal of Business, 11 (3), 2006.
“Asia in the World Economy, 1500-2030 AD”, Arndt Memorial Lecture, Asia Pacific Economic Literature, vol. 20, No. 2, November 2006.


“Fluctuations in the Momentum of Growth within the Capitalist Epoch” Cliometrica, vol1, no. 2, 2007.


“Why and When did the West get Rich”, in B. R. Nayar, ed. Globalization and Politics in India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2008.
“Purchasing Power Parity Measurement for Industry of Origin Analysis”, with Bart van Ark, ICP Bulletin, volume 5, no. 1, March 2008.
“Shares of the Rich and the Rest in the World Economy: Income Divergence between Nations, 1820-2030”, Asian Economic Policy Review, June 2008, pp 67-82.
“Measuring China’s Economic Performance: How fast has its Economy Grown: How big is it compared with the USA?”, World Economics, with Harry X. Wu, June 2008.
“Measuring the Economic Performance of Transition Economies: Some Lessons from Chinese Experience”, Review of Income and Wealth, June 2008.

130 in total

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Book Reviews

W. Galenson, Labor Productivity in Soviet and American Industry, Columbia, 1955, in Economica, May 1956.

M. Frankel, British and American Manufacturing Productivity, Illinois, 1957, in Economica, February 1958.

H.H. Liesner, The Import Dependence of Britain and West Germany, Princeton, 1957, in Economica, May 1961.

G.L. Reuber, Britain's Export Trade with Canada, Toronto, 1961 in Economic Journal, June 1962.

E.S. Kirschen, et al., Economic Policy in Our Time, North Holland, 1964, in Economic Journal, 1965.

A. Shonfield, Modern Capitalism: The Changing Balance of Public and Private Power, Oxford, 1965, in American Economic Review, March 1967.

J.-J. Servan-Schreiber, The American Challenge, H. Hamilton, London, 1968, in Economic Journal, September 1970.

J. Cornwall, Modern Capitalism: Its Growth and Transformation, M. Robertson, London, 1977, in De Economist, No. 2, 1980.

S.M. Menshikov, Inflatsia i Krisis Regulirovania Ekonomiki, Misl, Moscow, 1979, in Journal of Policy Modeling, February 1981.

S. Kuznets, Growth, Population and Income Distribution: Selected Essays, Norton, New York, 1979, in Economic Journal, December 1981.

H. Giersch, ed., Macroeconomic Policies for Growth and Stability: A European Perspective, Mohr, Tübingen, 1981, in Journal of Economic Literature, September 1982.

N. Kondratieff, The Long Wave Cycle, Richardson and Snyder, New York, 1984, in The Wall Street Review of Books, Fall, 1984.

A.G. Kenwood and A.L. Lougheed, The Growth of the International Economy 1820-1980, Allen and Unwin, London, 1983 in De Economist, No. 1, 1985.

L.G. Reynolds, Economic Growth in the Third World, 1850-1980, Yale, 1985 in Journal of Economic Literature, September 1986.

D.C.M. Platt, Mickey Mouse Numbers in World History, Macmillan, London, 1989, Scandinavian Economic History Review, 1989.

R. Maddock and I.W. McLean, eds., The Australian Economy in the Long Run, Journal of Economic Literature, June 1990, also reviewed in De Economist, 1991.

M. Abramovitz, Thinking About Growth, Cambridge, 1989, Southern Economic Journal, January 1991.

S. Kuznets, Economic Development, The Family and Income Distribution, De Economist, 1991.

S.B. Hanley, Everyday Things in Premodern Japan, 1997, Journal of Japanese and International Economics, 1999.

19 in total

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Translated Books

Keizai Seichyo Seio No, Kinokuniya, Tokyo, 1965.

El Crecimiento Economico de Occidente, Fondo de Cultura, Mexico, 1966.

Ekonomicheskoe Razvitie v Stranahk Zapada, Progress, Moscow, 1967.

Ekonomisk Tillväxt i Japan och Sovjet, Prisma, Stockholm, 1971.

Nihon To Soren No Keizai Seicho, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Tokyo, 1971.

Twee Modellen van Economische Groei, Spectrum, Utrecht, 1971.

Crecimiento Economico en el Japon y la URSS, Fondo de Cultura, Mexico, 1971, reprinted l988.

Lo Sviluppo Economico in Giappone e nell'URSS, Giannini, Napoli, 1972.

Die neuen Großmächte, Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach, 1972.

Progreso y Politica Economica, Fondo de Cultura, Mexico, 1973, reprinted l988.

Estructura de Clases y Desarrollo Economico en la India y Paquistan, Fondo de Cultura, Mexico, 1974.

Les Phases du Developpement Capitaliste, Economica, Paris, 1981.

Ontwikkelingsfasen van het Kapitalisme, Spectrum, Utrecht, 1982.

Deux Crises: l'Amerique Latine et l'Asie 1929-38 et 1973-83, OECD Development Centre, Paris, 1985.

L'Amerique Latine, La Region des Caraibes et l'OECD, OECD Development Centre, Paris, l986.

Las Fases del Desarrollo Capitalista: Historia econmica cuantitativa, Fondo de Cultura Economico and Colegio de Mexico, 1986.

Fasi di Sviluppo Capitalistico, Giuffre, Milan, 1987.

Shihonshugi Hatten no Shokyokumen, Sagano Shoin, Tokyo, 1988.

Dos Crisis: America y Asia, l929-38 y l973-83, Fondo de Cultura, Mexico, l988.

L'Economie Mondiale au 20e Siecle, OECD Development Centre, Paris, 1989.

Nijusseiki no Sekai Keizai, Toyo Keizai, Tokyo, 1990.

Historia del Desarrollo Capitalista, Sus Fuerzas Dinamicas: Una vision comparada a largo plazo, Ariel, Barcelona, l99l.

La Economia Mundial en el Siglo XX, Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico, l992.

La Economia politica de la pobreza, la equidad y el crecimiento: Brasil y Mexico, Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico, l993.

Le Forze dello Sviluppo Capitalistico, Giuffre, Milano, l995.

L'Economie mondiale l820-l992: analyse et statistiques, OECD Development Centre, Paris, l995.

Problemas del Crecimiento Economico de las Naciones, Ariel Economia, Mexico, l996.

Shi Jie Jing Ji Liang Bai Nian Hui Gu, OECD, Beijing, l997.

La Economia mundial l820-l992: analisis y estadisticas, OECD, Mexico, l997.

L’economie chinoise: une perspective historique, OECD Development Centre, Paris, 1998

Zhong Guo Jing Ji De Chang Yuan Wei Lai, Xinhua/OECD, Beijing, 1999.

Sekai Keizai no Seicho-shi, Kansatsu, Toyo Keizai, Tokyo, 1999.

L'Economie mondiale: une perspective millenaire, OECD, Paris, 2001.

La economía mundial, una perspectiva milenaria, Mundi-Prensa, Madrid, Barcelona and Mexico, 2002.

Shi jie jing ji qian nian shi, Peking University Press, Beijing, 2003.

L'économie mondiale: statistiques historiques, OECD, Paris.

Die Weltwirtschaft: eine Millenniumsperspektive, available from oecd.org on line, 2004.

Keizaitoukei de yomu Seikaikeizai Nisen-nenshi, Kashiwa Shobo, Tokyo, 2005.

L'economia mondiale negli due ultime millenni, Giuffre, Milan, 2005.

L’economia cinese, una prospettiva millenaria, Pantarei, Milan, 2006.

L’economie chinoise: une perspective historique, OECD Development Centre, Paris, second edition, revised and updated, 2007.

Zhong Guo Jing Ji De Chang Yuan Wei Lai, second edition, revised and updated, Shanghai Peoples Press, 2008.

L’economia mondiale dall’ anno 1 al 2030; Profilo quantitativa e macroeconomico, Pantarei, Milan, 2008.

43 books translated. Includes 4 in Chinese, 2 in Dutch, 8 in French, 2 in German, 6 in Italian 6 in Japanese, 1 in Russian, 12 in Spanish, and 1 in Swedish. Also 42 translated articles.

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Translated Articles and Papers

"Le Commerce Est-Ouest", Problemes Economiques, July l954.

"Le fluttuazioni economiche del dopoguerra nell'Europa occidentale e il ruolo delle politiche governative", Moneta e Credito, September l960.

"Le realizzazioni dell'economia Sovietica", Moneta e Credito, June l965.

"Considerazioni sullo sviluppo economico del Giappone", Moneta e Credito, December l965.

"La bilancia dei pagamenti dei paesi sottosviluppati", Moneta e Credito, June l966.

"Coexistance et Croissance", Tiers-Monde, October-December l966.

"Niveluri comparate de productivitate in tarile industriale", Viata Economica, Bucharest, 2 and 9 February l968.

"Production, emploi, productivité: niveaux comparés dans douze pays industrialisés", Analyse et Prevision, June, l968.

"Livelli comparati di produttività nei paesi sviluppati", Moneta e Credito, June l968.

"El sector externo y el desarrollo econmico: las relaciones internacionales y la politica economica interna" in M. Brodersohn, ed., Estrategias de Industrializacion para la Argentina, Instituto Torcuato di Tella, Buenos Aires, l970, pp. 225-46.

"Interrogativi sulla validità dell'istruzione", Mercurio, December l974.

"Fasi di sviluppo capitalistico", Moneta e Credito, September l977.

"Bildung, Ungleichheit und Lebenschancen: Die politischen Kernprobleme", in: K. Hufner, Bildung, Ungleichheit und Lebenschancen, Diesterweg, Frankfurt, 1978.

Evaluation macroeconimique des politiques de l'emploi l973-78, Aix-en-Provence, December, l979, with R. Granier.

"La dinamica della produttività nel lungo periodo", Moneta e Credito, March 1979.

"L'economia occidentale negli anni settanta: valutazioni e prospettive", Moneta e Credito, June 1980.

"Wirtschaftspolitik in Europa l9l3-70", in C.M. Cipolla and K. Borchardt, eds., Europaische Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Band IV, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, l980.

"La politica economica in Europa l9l3-70" in C. Cipolla, ed., Storia economica d'Europa, UTET, Turin, l980.

"La politica economica y sus resultados en Europa l9l3-70", in C. Cipolla, ed., Historia economica de Europa (5), El siglo XX, segunda parte, Ariel, Barcelona, l98l.

Politiques de l'emploi et emploi, Vol.I, Aix-en-Provence, December, l98l, with R. Granier.

"Come seguire il mercato del lavoro, una proposità per un analisi globale delle statistiche ufficiali", Economia & Lavoro, April-June l982.

"Origini e conseguenze dello stato sociale l883-l983", Moneta e Credito, June l984.

"Pressiegroepen en economische groei", Rotterdamse Monetaire Studies, No.l5, l984.

"Naturaleza y causas del stancamiento econmico: un examen de seis pases", Comercio Exterior, Mexico, July l985.

"Opties voor een Europese economische politiek", Tijdschrift voor politieke economie, December 1985.

"Avances y retrocesos en las economias capitalistas evolucionadas: tecnicas de evaluacion cuantitativa", Comercio Exterior, June l988.

"Suatu Perspektif Berdsankan Perbandingan", in A. Booth, W.J. O'Malley and A. Weidemann, eds., Sejarah Ekonomi Indonesia, Jakarta, 1989.

"Crescita e slowdown nelle economie capitalistiche avanzate: tecniche di valutazione quantitativa", Economia & Lavoro, March 1989.

"Comportamiento economico del mundo, pasado y futuro", in V. Urquidi and J. Villanueva, eds., Crisis y crecimiento en America Latina: material para un diagnostico, Editorial Tesis and Fundacion Raul Prebisch, Buenos Aires, 1989.

"Desempenho da Economia Mundial Desde 1870", in N. Gall and W.J. Loewenberg, Nova Era da Economia Mundial, Pioneira, S. Paulo, 1989.

"El crecimiento postbelico y la crisis: una vision global", Pensamiento Iberoamericana, 1990.

"Una revisione della stima della crescità economica italiana l86l-l989", Moneta e Credito, June l99l.

"El crecimiento economico italiano, l86l-l989; una revision", in L. Prados de la Escosura and V. Zamagni, eds., El desarrollo economico en la Europe del Sur: Espana e Italia en perspectiva historica, Alianza, Madrid, l992.

"La croissance conomique mondial: les leçons du long terme", Population (6) l992, pp. l555-l566.

"Stime standardizzate dello stock di capitale: un confronto fra sei paesi", Innovazione e Materie Prime, No.l, l993.

"Confessioni di un coltivatore di cifre", Moneta e Credito, No.l86, June l994, pp. l25-72.

"Wirtschaftswachstum und Lebensstandard im 20. Jahrhundert", in W. Fischer, ed., Wirtschaftssystem und Lebensstandard, Deutsche Genossenschaftsbank, Berlin, l995.

"Politica y Evolution en la Europa Capitalista" in L. Emmerij, ed., El desarrollo economico y social en las umbrales del siglo xxi, Interamerican Development Bank, Washington DC, 1998.

"La natura e il funzionamento del capitalismo europeo: una prospettiva storica e comparativa", Moneta e Credito, March 1998.

"Zhongguo guonei shengchan zongzhi de zengsu yu shuiping", in Yue Ximing, Shuguang Zhang and Xianchun Xu, Zhongguo Jingji Zhengzhuang Sudu:Yangjiu Yu Zhenglun, Citicpub, Beijing, 2004.

"La economia de Occidente y la del resto del mundo: en el último milenio", Revista de Historia Economica, XXII, No. 2, pp.259-336, Madrid, 2004.

"La chine dans l'economie mondiale: 1300-2030", Outre Terre, 2006.

42 articles and papers in Bahasa, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish.

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Supervision of PhD Theses

Tjerk Huppes, Aanzetten tot een interdisciplinair Benadering van sociaal-economische Problemen, l4 May l98l.

C.L.J. van der Meer, Rural Development in Northern Thailand: An Interpretation and Analysis, 4 June l98l.

Magdy El-Gundy, L'Agriculture et l'Economie Dualiste: Aspects Theoriques et l'Application au cas Egyptien, November l983, University of Aix-en-Provence.

Chris de Neubourg, Unemployment, Labour Slack and Labour Market Accounting: Theory, Measurement and Policy, ll June l987 (published by North Holland, Amsterdam, l988).

Tom Elfring, Service Employment in Advanced Economies: A Comparative Analysis of Its Applications for Economic Growth, 25 February l988.

Erik H. Bax, Modernization and Cleavage in Dutch Society: A Study of Long Term Economic and Social Change, l5 December l988 (published by Avebury, Aldershot, l990).

Jan Reijnders, The Enigma of Long Waves, 20 December l988, (published by Elgar, Aldershot )

Sompop Manarungsan, Economic Development of Thailand l850-l950: Response to the Challenge of the World Economy, l9 October l989.

Bart van Ark, International Comparisons of Output and Productivity: Manufacturing Productivity Performance of Ten Countries from l950-l990, l April l993.

Dirk Pilat, The Economics of Catch-Up: The Experience of Japan and Korea, l8 November l993 (published by Elgar, Aldershot, l994).

Pierre van der Eng, Agricultural Growth in Indonesia Since l880: Productivity Change and the Impact of Government Policy, 9 December l993.

André Hofman, Latin American Economic Development in the Twentieth Century, 5 March 1998 (published by E. Elgar, Aldershot, 2000).

Nanno Mulder, The Economic Performance of the Service Sector in Brazil, Mexico and the USA, A Comparative Historical Perspective, 31 May 1999 (published by E. Elgar, Aldershot, 2002).

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Last changed on: August 25th 2007